Tomasi, Wayne.

Advanced electronic communications systems / Wayne Tomasi. - 5th ed. - Upper Saddle River, N.J. New Delhi. Prentice Hall, PHI Learning Private Limited, 2004. - xi, 498 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.

Includes index.

Chapter 1 Optical Fiber Communications 1 --
History of Optical Fibers 1 --
Optical Fibers Versus Metallic Cable Facilities 2 --
Advantages of Optical Fiber Systems 3 --
Disadvantages of Optical Fiber Systems 3 --
Electromagnetic Spectrum 4 --
Optical Fiber Communications System Block Diagram 5 --
Fiber Types 5 --
Cable Construction 7 --
Light Propagation 8 --
Physics of Light 8 --
Velocity of Propagation 9 --
Refraction 9 --
Refractive Index 9 --
Critical Angle 12 --
Propagation of Light Through an Optical Fiber 13 --
Mode of Propagation 13 --
Index Profile 14 --
Optical Fiber Configurations 14 --
Single-Mode Step-Index Fiber 14 --
Multimode Step-Index Fiber 16 --
Multimode Graded-Index Fiber 17 --
Comparison of the Three Types of Optical Fibers 17 --
Acceptance Angle and Acceptance Cone 18 --
Numerical Aperture 20 --
Losses in Optical Fiber Cables 22 --
Absorption Losses 23 --
Material or Rayleigh Scattering Losses 24 --
Chromatic or Wavelength Dispersion 24 --
Radiation Losses 25 --
Modal Dispersion 25 --
Coupling Losses 29 --
Light Sources 30 --
Optical Power 31 --
Optical Sources 32 --
Light-Emitting Diodes 32 --
Injection Laser Diodes 34 --
Light Detectors 38 --
PIN Diodes 38 --
Avalanche Photodiodes 39 --
Characteristics of Light Detectors 40 --
Lasers 40 --
Laser Types 40 --
Laser Characteristics 41 --
Laser Construction 41 --
Optical Fiber System Link Budget 42 --
Chapter 2 Digital Communications 47 --
Digital Communications 48 --
Shannon Limit for Information Capacity 48 --
Digital Radio 50 --
Digital Amplitude Modulation 50 --
Frequency Shift Keying 51 --
FSK Bit Rate and Baud 52 --
FSK Transmitter 53 --
Bandwidth Considerations of FSK 54 --
FSK Receiver 56 --
Continuous-Phase Frequency Shift Keying 57 --
Phase Shift Keying 58 --
Binary Phase Shift Keying 58 --
M-ary Encoding 62 --
Quaternary Phase Shift Keying 64 --
Eight-Phase PSK 70 --
Sixteen-Phase PSK 76 --
Quadrature Amplitude Modulation 76 --
Eight QAM 76 --
Sixteen QAM 80 --
Bandwidth Efficiency 84 --
Carrier Recovery 85 --
Squaring Loop 85 --
Costas Loop 86 --
Remodulator 87 --
Differential Phase Shift Keying 87 --
Differential BPSK 87 --
Clock Recovery 89 --
Probability of Error and Bit Error Rate 89 --
PSK Error Performance 92 --
QAM Error Performance 95 --
FSK Error Performance 96 --
Trellis Encoding 97 --
Chapter 3 Data Communications 104 --
History of Data Communications 104 --
Standards Organizations for Data Communications 105 --
Data Communications Circuits 106 --
Serial and Parallel Data Transmission 106 --
Configurations 108 --
Topologies 108 --
Transmission Modes 108 --
Two-Wire Versus Four-Wire Operation 109 --
Data Communications Codes 110 --
Baudot Code 110 --
ASCII Code 111 --
EBCDIC Code 113 --
Bar Codes 113 --
Error Control 115 --
Error Detection 115 --
Error Correction 121 --
Synchronization 123 --
Character Synchronization 123 --
Data Communications Hardware 125 --
Line Control Unit 126 --
Serial Interfaces 132 --
RS-232 Interface 132 --
RS-449 and RS-530 Interface Standards 137 --
CCITT X.21 138 --
Parallel Interfaces 139 --
Centronics Parallel Interface 140 --
IEEE 488 Bus 143 --
Telephone Network 146 --
DDD Network 146 --
Private-Line Service 151 --
Telephone Circuit 152 --
Local Loop 152 --
Transmission Parameters 154 --
Data Modems 168 --
Asynchronous Modems 169 --
Synchronous Modems 170 --
Modem Synchronization 171 --
Low-Speed Modems 171 --
Medium- and High-Speed Modems 172 --
Modem Control--The AT Command Set 175 --
CCITT Modem Recommendations 176 --
CCITT Modem Recommendation V.29 176 --
CCITT Modem Recommendation V.32 178 --
CCITT Modem Recommendation V.32bis and V.32terbo 178 --
CCITT Modem Recommendation V.33 179 --
CCITT Modem Recommendation V.42 and V.42bis 179 --
CCITT Modem Recommendation V.34 (V.fast) 180 --
CCITT Modem Recommendation V.34+ 181 --
Chapter 4 Data Communications Protocols and Network Configurations 185 --
Open Systems Interconnection 186 --
ISO Protocol Hierarchy 186 --
Data Transmission Modes 188 --
Character Mode 188 --
Block Mode 188 --
Asynchronous Protocols 188 --
Synchronous Protocols 190 --
IBM's Bisync Protocol 190 --
Synchronous Data Link Communications 194 --
SDLC Loop Operation 201 --
Transparency 203 --
Message Abort 203 --
Invert-On-Zero Encoding 203 --
High-Level Data Link Control 204 --
Public Data Network 206 --
Value-Added Network 206 --
Packet-Switching Network 206 --
CCITT X.1 International User Class of Service 207 --
CCITT X.25 User-to-Network Interface Protocol 208 --
Permanent Virtual Circuit 209 --
Virtual Call 209 --
Datagram 210 --
X.25 Packet Format 210 --
X Series of Recommended Standards 211 --
Asynchronous Transfer Mode 211 --
Synchronous Optical Network 214 --
Integrated Services Digital Network 216 --
Introduction to ISDN 216 --
ISDN Architecture 218 --
ISDN System Connections and Interface Units 219 --
ISDN Protocols 220 --
Broadband ISDN 223 --
Local Area Networks 225 --
Local Area Network System Considerations 227 --
Token Passing Ring 231 --
Slotted Ring 234 --
Token Bus 234 --
Ethernet 234 --
10BASE-5 Ethernet 235 --
10BASE-2 Ethernet 236 --
10BASE-T Ethernet 236 --
Ethernet Data Format 237 --
System Operation 238 --
Fiber Distributed Data Interface 239 --
FDDI Nodes 240 --
FDDI Network Using Twisted-Pair Metallic Transmission Lines 242 --
Fibre Channel 242 --
100BASE-T Ethernet 243 --
Chapter 5 Digital Transmission 247 --
Advantages of Digital Transmission 247 --
Disadvantages of Digital Transmission 248 --
Pulse Modulation 248 --
Pulse Code Modulation 248 --
PCM Sampling 249 --
Sampling Rate 253 --
Folded Binary Code 255 --
Dynamic Range 257 --
Coding Efficiency 260 --
Signal-to-Quantization Noise Ratio 260 --
Linear Versus Nonlinear PCM Codes 261 --
Idle Channel Noise 262 --
Coding Methods 262 --
Companding 263 --
Analog Companding 263 --
Digital Companding 266 --
Percentage Error 273 --
Vocoders 273 --
PCM Line Speed 274 --
Delta Modulation PCM 275 --
Delta Modulation Transmitter 275 --
Delta Modulation Receiver 276 --
Adaptive Delta Modulation PCM 277 --
Differential Pulse Code Modulation 278 --
Pulse Transmission 278 --
Intersymbol Interference 280 --
Eye Patterns 282 --
Signal Power in Binary Digital Signals 283 --
Chapter 6 Multiplexing 288 --
Time-Division Multiplexing 288 --
T1 Digital Carrier System 289 --
D-Type Channel Banks 292 --
Superframe Format 293 --
Extended Superframe Format 294 --
CCITT Time-Division Multiplexed Carrier System 297 --
Codecs 297 --
Combo Chips 298 --
General Operation 298 --
Fixed-Data-Rate Mode 299 --
Variable-Data-Rate Mode 306 --
Supervisory Signaling 308 --
North American Digital Hierarchy 308 --
Mastergroup and Commercial Television Terminals 308 --
Picturephone Terminal 310 --
Data Terminal 311 --
Line Encoding 312 --
Transmission Voltages and DC Component 312 --
Duty Cycle 312 --
Bandwidth Considerations 313 --
Clock Recovery 314 --
Error Detection 314 --
Ease of Detection and Decoding 314 --
Digital Biphase, Miller, and Dicodes 314 --
T-Carriers 316 --
T1 and T1C Carrier Systems 317 --
T2 Carrier Systems 318 --
T3 Carrier Systems 319 --
T4M Carrier System 319 --
T5 Carrier System 319 --
Frame Synchronization 319 --
Added-Digit Framing 319 --
Robbed-Digit Framing 320 --
Added-Channel Framing 320 --
Statistical Framing 320 --
Unique-Line Code Framing 321 --
Bit Interleaving Versus Word Interleaving 321 --
Statistical Time-Division Multiplexing 321 --
Frequency-Division Multiplexing 323 --
AT&T's FDM Hierarchy 324 --
Long-Haul Communications with FDMT 324 --
Message Channel 324 --
Basic Group 325 --
Basic Supergroup 325 --
Basic Mastergroup 325 --
Larger Groupings 326 --
Composite Baseband Signal 326 --
Formation of Groups and Supergroups 326 --
Formation of a Mastergroup 328 --
U600 Mastergroup 328 --
L600 Mastergroup 331 --
Formation of a Radio Channel 332 --
Wavelength-Division Multiplexing 334 --
Wavelength-Division Multiplexing Versus Frequency-Division Multiplexing 334 --
D-WDM, Wavelengths, and Wavelength Channels 334 --
Advantages and Disadvantages of WDM 337 --
WDM Circuit Components 337 --
Wavelength-Division Couplers 338 --
WDM and the Synchronous Optical Network 338 --
Chapter 7 Microwave Radio Communications and System Gain 341 --
Advantages of Microwave Radio Communications 342 --
Analog Versus Digital Microwave 343 --
Frequency Versus Amplitude Modulation 343 --
Frequency-Modulated Microwave Radio System 343 --
FM Microwave Radio Transmitter 344 --
FM Microwave Radio Receiver 345 --
FM Microwave Radio Repeaters 345 --
Diversity 348 --
Frequency Diversity 349 --
Space Diversity 349 --
Polarization Diversity 351 --
Hybrid Diversity 351 --
Quad Diversity 351 --
Protection Switching Arrangements 351 --
Hot Standby 351 --
Diversity 353 --
Reliability 353 --
FM Microwave Radio Stations 353 --
Terminal Station 353 --
Repeater Station 356 --
Path Characteristics 361 --
Fading 362 --
System Gain 362 --
Free-Space Path Loss 363 --
Fade Margin 364 --
Receiver Threshold 365 --
Carrier-to-Noise Versus Signal-to-Noise Ratio 366 --
Noise Factor and Noise Figure 366 --
Chapter 8 Satellite Communications 373 --
History of Satellites 374 --
Kepler's Laws 375 --
Satellite Orbits 377 --
Satellite Elevation Categories 377 --
Satellite Orbital Patterns 378 --
Geostationary Satellites 381 --
Geosynchronous Satellite Orbital Velocity 383 Table of contents

Summary:
This update of the 1998 iteration keeps abreast of the latest developments in communications systems: digital, optical fiber, terrestrial and microwave radio, satellite, and mobile telephone. In addition to these systems, the ten-chapter coverage includes data communications protocols and network.



9788120324978 0130221260 9780130221261

99461971


Digital communications.
Telecommunication systems.

TK5103.7. / T65 2001

621.382 / TOA 2004

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