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Modern wireless communications / Simon Haykin and Michael Moher.

By: Haykin, Simon S, 1931-.
Contributor(s): Moher, Michael.
Material type: TextTextPublisher: Upper Saddle River, N.J. : Pearson/Prentice Hall, c2005Description: xvi, 560 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.ISBN: 0130224723 (alk. paper); 9780130224729.Subject(s): Wireless communication systems | Spread spectrum communicationsDDC classification: 621.382 Online resources: WorldCat details | E-book Fulltext
Contents:
Table of contents 1.2 Communication Systems 3 -- 1.3 The Physical Layer 3 -- 1.4 The Data-Link Layer 5 -- 1.4.1 FDMA 5 -- 1.4.2 TDMA 6 -- 1.4.3 CDMA 7 -- 1.4.4 SDMA 8 -- Chapter 2 Propagation and Noise 11 -- 2.2 Free-Space Propagation 13 -- 2.2.1 Isotropic Radiation 13 -- 2.2.2 Directional Radiation 15 -- 2.2.3 The Friis Equation 18 -- 2.2.4 Polarization 19 -- 2.3 Terrestrial Propagation: Physical Models 19 -- 2.3.1 Reflection and the Plane-Earth Model 20 -- 2.3.2 Diffraction 24 -- 2.3.3 Diffraction Losses 28 -- 2.4 Terrestrial Propagation: Statistical Models 30 -- 2.4.1 Median Path Loss 30 -- 2.4.2 Local Propagation Loss 32 -- 2.5 Indoor Propagation 33 -- 2.6 Local Propagation Effects with Mobile Radio 36 -- 2.6.1 Rayleigh Fading 36 -- 2.6.2 Rician Fading 40 -- 2.6.3 Doppler 42 -- 2.6.4 Fast Fading 44 -- 2.7 Channel Classification 48 -- 2.7.1 Time-Selective Channels 50 -- 2.7.2 Frequency-Selective Channels 52 -- 2.7.3 General Channels 52 -- 2.7.4 WSSUS Channels 54 -- 2.7.5 Coherence Time 57 -- 2.7.6 Power-Delay Profile 58 -- 2.7.7 Coherence Bandwidth 60 -- 2.7.8 Stationary and Nonstationary Channels 61 -- 2.7.9 Summary of Channel Classification 62 -- 2.8 Noise and Interference 63 -- 2.8.1 Thermal Noise 63 -- 2.8.2 Equivalent Noise Temperature and Noise Figure 66 -- 2.8.3 Noise in Cascaded Systems 68 -- 2.8.4 Man-Made Noise 70 -- 2.8.5 Multiple-Access Interference 71 -- 2.9 Link Calculations 75 -- 2.9.1 Free-Space Link Budget 75 -- 2.9.2 Terrestrial Link Budget 80 -- 2.10 Theme Example 1: Okumura-Hata Empirical Model 82 -- 2.11 Theme Example 2: Wireless Local Area Networks 85 -- 2.11.1 Propagation Model 85 -- 2.11.2 Receiver Sensitivity 85 -- 2.11.3 Range 86 -- 2.11.4 Power-Delay Profile 86 -- 2.11.5 Modulation 88 -- 2.12 Theme Example 3: Impulse Radio and Ultra-Wideband 89 -- Chapter 3 Modulation and Frequency-Division Multiple Access 103 -- 3.2 Modulation 105 -- 3.2.1 Linear and Nonlinear Modulation Processes 106 -- 3.2.2 Analog and Digital Modulation Techniques 107 -- 3.2.3 Amplitude and Angle Modulation Processes 107 -- 3.3 Linear Modulation Techniques 108 -- 3.3.1 Amplitude Modulation 108 -- 3.3.2 Binary Phase-Shift Keying 110 -- 3.3.3 Quadriphase-Shift Keying 112 -- 3.3.4 Offset Quadriphase-Shift Keying 114 -- 3.3.5 [pi]/4-Shifted Quadriphase-Shift Keying 116 -- 3.4 Pulse Shaping 116 -- 3.4.1 Root Raised-Cosine Pulse Shaping 119 -- 3.5 Complex Representation of Linear Modulated Signals and Band-Pass Systems 122 -- 3.5.1 Complex Representation of Linear Band-Pass Systems 124 -- 3.6 Signal-Space Representation of Digitally Modulated Signals 126 -- 3.7 Nonlinear Modulation Techniques 130 -- 3.7.1 Frequency Modulation 130 -- 3.7.2 Binary Frequency-Shift Keying 132 -- 3.7.3 Continuous-Phase Modulation: Minimum Shift Keying 133 -- 3.7.4 Power Spectra of MSK Signal 137 -- 3.7.5 Gaussian-Filtered MSK 139 -- 3.8 Frequency-Division Multiple Access 142 -- 3.9 Two Practical Issues of Concern 144 -- 3.9.1 Adjacent Channel Interference 144 -- 3.9.2 Power Amplifier Nonlinearity 146 -- 3.10 Comparison of Modulation Strategies for Wireless Communications 148 -- 3.10.1 Linear Channels 148 -- 3.10.2 Nonlinear Channels 150 -- 3.11 Channel Estimation and Tracking 151 -- 3.11.1 Differential Detection 152 -- 3.11.2 Pilot Symbol Transmission 154 -- 3.12 Receiver Performance: Bit Error Rate 158 -- 3.12.1 Channel Noise 158 -- 3.13 Theme Example 1: Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing 162 -- 3.13.1 Cyclic Prefix 167 -- 3.14 Theme Example 2: Cordless Telecommunications 168 -- Chapter 4 Coding and Time-Division Multiple Access 179 -- 4.2 Sampling 182 -- 4.3 Why Follow Sampling with Coding? 184 -- 4.4 Shannon's Information Theory 185 -- 4.4.1 Source-Coding Theorem 185 -- 4.4.2 Channel-Coding Theorem 186 -- 4.4.3 Information Capacity Theorem 187 -- 4.4.4 Rate Distortion Theory 188 -- 4.5 Speech Coding 189 -- 4.5.1 Linear Prediction 189 -- 4.5.2 Multipulse Excited LPC 190 -- 4.5.3 Code-Excited LPC 192 -- 4.6 Error-Control Coding 193 -- 4.6.1 Cyclic Redundancy Check Codes 194 -- 4.7 Convolutional Codes 195 -- 4.7.1 Trellis and State Diagrams of Convolutional Codes 198 -- 4.7.2 Free Distance of a Convolutional Code 200 -- 4.8 Maximum-Likelihood Decoding of Convolutional Codes 201 -- 4.9 The Viterbi Algorithm 203 -- 4.9.1 Modifications of the Viterbi Algorithm 205 -- 4.10 Interleaving 207 -- 4.10.1 Block Interleaving 208 -- 4.10.2 Convolutional Interleaving 210 -- 4.10.3 Random Interleaving 212 -- 4.11 Noise Performance of Convolutional Codes 212 -- 4.12 Turbo Codes 215 -- 4.12.1 Turbo Encoding 215 -- 4.12.2 Turbo Decoding 216 -- 4.12.3 Noise Performance 218 -- 4.12.4 Maximum a Posteriori Probability Decoding 219 -- 4.13 Comparison of Channel-Coding Strategies for Wireless Communications 222 -- 4.13.1 Encoding 223 -- 4.13.2 Decoding 224 -- 4.13.3 AWGN Channel 225 -- 4.13.4 Fading Wireless Channels 225 -- 4.13.5 Latency 225 -- 4.13.6 Joint Equalization and Decoding 226 -- 4.14 RF Modulation Revisited 226 -- 4.15 Baseband Processing for Channel Estimation and Equalization 227 -- 4.15.1 Channel Estimation 229 -- 4.15.2 Viterbi Equalization 231 -- 4.16 Time-Division Multiple Access 233 -- 4.16.1 Advantages of TDMA over FDMA 234 -- 4.16.2 TDMA Overlaid on FDMA 235 -- 4.17 Theme Example 1: GSM 236 -- 4.18 Theme Example 2: Joint Equalization and Decoding 239 -- 4.18.1 Computer Experiment 241 -- 4.19 Theme Example 3: Random-Access Techniques 243 -- 4.19.1 Pure Aloha 243 -- 4.19.2 Slotted Aloha 245 -- 4.19.3 Carrier-Sense Multiple Access 245 -- 4.19.4 Other Considerations with Random-Access Protocols 248 -- Chapter 5 Spread Spectrum and Code-Division Multiple Access 258 -- 5.2 Direct-Sequence Modulation 260 -- 5.2.1 The Spreading Equation 260 -- 5.2.2 Matched-Filter Receiver 262 -- 5.2.3 Performance with Interference 263 -- 5.3 Spreading Codes 265 -- 5.3.1 Walsh-Hadamard Sequences 267 -- 5.3.2 Orthogonal Variable Spreading Factors 269 -- 5.3.3 Maximal-Length Sequences 270 -- 5.3.4 Scramblers 274 -- 5.3.5 Gold Codes 274 -- 5.3.6 Random Sequences 276 -- 5.4 The Advantages of CDMA for Wireless 279 -- 5.4.1 Multiple-Access Interference 279 -- 5.4.2 Multipath Channels 283 -- 5.4.3 RAKE Receiver 284 -- 5.4.4 Fading Channels 288 -- 5.4.5 Summary of the Benefits of DS-SS 289 -- 5.5 Code Synchronization 290 -- 5.6 Channel Estimation 292 -- 5.7 Power Control: The Near-Far Problem 294 -- 5.8 FEC Coding and CDMA 297 -- 5.9 Multiuser Detection 299 -- 5.10 CDMA in a Cellular Environment 301 -- 5.11 Frequency-Hopped Spread Spectrum 306 -- 5.11.1 Complex Baseband Representation of FH-SS 307 -- 5.11.2 Slow-Frequency Hopping 308 -- 5.11.3 Fast-Frequency Hopping 310 -- 5.11.4 Processing Gain 310 -- 5.12 Theme Example 1: IS-95 311 -- 5.12.1 Channel Protocol 311 -- 5.12.2 Pilot Channel 313 -- 5.12.3 Downlink CDMA Channels 314 -- 5.12.4 Power Control 316 -- 5.12.5 Cellular Considerations 317 -- 5.12.6 Uplink 318 -- 5.13 Theme Example 2: GPSS 319 -- 5.14 Theme Example 3: Bluetooth 321 -- 5.15 Theme Example 4: WCDMA 323 -- 5.15.1 Bandwidth and Chip Rate 324 -- 5.15.2 Data Rates and Spreading Factor 324 -- 5.15.3 Modulation and Synchronization 324 -- 5.15.4 Forward Error-Correction Codes 324 -- 5.15.5 Channel Types 325 -- 5.15.6 Uplink 325 -- 5.15.7 Downlink 326 -- 5.15.8 Multicode Transmission 327 -- 5.15.9 Cellular Considerations 327 -- 5.16 Theme Example 5: Wi-Fi 328 -- Chapter 6 Diversity, Capacity, and Space-Division Multiple Access 339 -- 6.2 "Space Diversity on Receive" Techniques 341 -- 6.2.1 Selection Combining 341 -- 6.2.2 Maximal-Ratio Combining 346 -- 6.2.3 Equal-Gain Combining 353 -- 6.2.4 Square-Law Combining 353 -- 6.3 Multiple-Input, Multiple-Output Antenna Systems 357 -- 6.3.1 Coantenna Interference 358 -- 6.3.2 Basic Baseband Channel Model 360 -- 6.4 MIMO Capacity for Channel Known at the Receiver 363 -- 6.4.1 Ergodic Capacity 363 -- 6.4.2 Two Other Special Cases of the Log-Det Formula: Capacities of Receive and Transmit Diversity Links 366 -- 6.4.3 Outage Capacity 367 -- 6.4.4 Channel Known at the Transmitter 371 -- 6.5 Singular-Value Decomposition of the Channel Matrix 371 -- 6.5.1 Eigendecomposition of the Log-det Capacity Formula 374 -- 6.6 Space-Time Codes for MIMO Wireless Communications 376 -- 6.6.2 Alamouti Code 379 -- 6.6.3 Performance Comparison of Diversity-on-Receive and Diversity-on-Transmit Schemes 387 -- 6.6.4 Generalized Complex Orthogonal Space-Time Block Codes 389 -- 6.6.5 Performance Comparisons of Different Space-Time Block Codes Using a Single Receiver 392 -- 6.7 Differential Space-Time Block Codes 395 -- 6.7.2 Transmitter and Receiver Structures 401 -- 6.7.3 Noise Performance 402 -- 6.8 Space-Division Multiple Access and Smart Antennas 404 -- 6.8.1 Antenna Arrays 406 -- 6.8.2 Multipath with Directional Antennas 412 -- 6.9 Theme Example 1: BLAST Architectures 415 -- 6.9.1 Diagonal-BLAST Architecture 416 -- 6.9.2 Vertical-BLAST Architecture 417 -- 6.9.3 Turbo-BLAST Architecture 419 -- 6.9.4 Experimental Performance Evaluation of Turbo-BLAST versus V-BLAST 422 -- 6.10 Theme Example 2: Diversity, Space-Time Block Codes, and V-BLAST 426 -- 6.10.1 Diversity-on-Receive versus Diversity-on-Transmit 426 -- 6.10.2 Space-Time Block Codes versus V-BLAST 427 -- 6.10.3 Diversity Order and Multiplexing Gain 429 -- 6.11 Theme Example 3: Keyhole Channels 432
Summary: Summary: Intended for use in undergraduate courses, this textbook discusses the techniques of wireless communications according to the evolution of spectral utilization of the radio channel. Chapters discuss topics like propagation and noise, modulation and frequency-division multiple access, coding and time.
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Online version:
Haykin, Simon S., 1931-
Modern wireless communications.
Upper Saddle River, N.J. : Pearson/Prentice Hall, c2005
(OCoLC)714834473

Includes bibliographical references (p. 544-550) and index.

Table of contents 1.2 Communication Systems 3 --
1.3 The Physical Layer 3 --
1.4 The Data-Link Layer 5 --
1.4.1 FDMA 5 --
1.4.2 TDMA 6 --
1.4.3 CDMA 7 --
1.4.4 SDMA 8 --
Chapter 2 Propagation and Noise 11 --
2.2 Free-Space Propagation 13 --
2.2.1 Isotropic Radiation 13 --
2.2.2 Directional Radiation 15 --
2.2.3 The Friis Equation 18 --
2.2.4 Polarization 19 --
2.3 Terrestrial Propagation: Physical Models 19 --
2.3.1 Reflection and the Plane-Earth Model 20 --
2.3.2 Diffraction 24 --
2.3.3 Diffraction Losses 28 --
2.4 Terrestrial Propagation: Statistical Models 30 --
2.4.1 Median Path Loss 30 --
2.4.2 Local Propagation Loss 32 --
2.5 Indoor Propagation 33 --
2.6 Local Propagation Effects with Mobile Radio 36 --
2.6.1 Rayleigh Fading 36 --
2.6.2 Rician Fading 40 --
2.6.3 Doppler 42 --
2.6.4 Fast Fading 44 --
2.7 Channel Classification 48 --
2.7.1 Time-Selective Channels 50 --
2.7.2 Frequency-Selective Channels 52 --
2.7.3 General Channels 52 --
2.7.4 WSSUS Channels 54 --
2.7.5 Coherence Time 57 --
2.7.6 Power-Delay Profile 58 --
2.7.7 Coherence Bandwidth 60 --
2.7.8 Stationary and Nonstationary Channels 61 --
2.7.9 Summary of Channel Classification 62 --
2.8 Noise and Interference 63 --
2.8.1 Thermal Noise 63 --
2.8.2 Equivalent Noise Temperature and Noise Figure 66 --
2.8.3 Noise in Cascaded Systems 68 --
2.8.4 Man-Made Noise 70 --
2.8.5 Multiple-Access Interference 71 --
2.9 Link Calculations 75 --
2.9.1 Free-Space Link Budget 75 --
2.9.2 Terrestrial Link Budget 80 --
2.10 Theme Example 1: Okumura-Hata Empirical Model 82 --
2.11 Theme Example 2: Wireless Local Area Networks 85 --
2.11.1 Propagation Model 85 --
2.11.2 Receiver Sensitivity 85 --
2.11.3 Range 86 --
2.11.4 Power-Delay Profile 86 --
2.11.5 Modulation 88 --
2.12 Theme Example 3: Impulse Radio and Ultra-Wideband 89 --
Chapter 3 Modulation and Frequency-Division Multiple Access 103 --
3.2 Modulation 105 --
3.2.1 Linear and Nonlinear Modulation Processes 106 --
3.2.2 Analog and Digital Modulation Techniques 107 --
3.2.3 Amplitude and Angle Modulation Processes 107 --
3.3 Linear Modulation Techniques 108 --
3.3.1 Amplitude Modulation 108 --
3.3.2 Binary Phase-Shift Keying 110 --
3.3.3 Quadriphase-Shift Keying 112 --
3.3.4 Offset Quadriphase-Shift Keying 114 --
3.3.5 [pi]/4-Shifted Quadriphase-Shift Keying 116 --
3.4 Pulse Shaping 116 --
3.4.1 Root Raised-Cosine Pulse Shaping 119 --
3.5 Complex Representation of Linear Modulated Signals and Band-Pass Systems 122 --
3.5.1 Complex Representation of Linear Band-Pass Systems 124 --
3.6 Signal-Space Representation of Digitally Modulated Signals 126 --
3.7 Nonlinear Modulation Techniques 130 --
3.7.1 Frequency Modulation 130 --
3.7.2 Binary Frequency-Shift Keying 132 --
3.7.3 Continuous-Phase Modulation: Minimum Shift Keying 133 --
3.7.4 Power Spectra of MSK Signal 137 --
3.7.5 Gaussian-Filtered MSK 139 --
3.8 Frequency-Division Multiple Access 142 --
3.9 Two Practical Issues of Concern 144 --
3.9.1 Adjacent Channel Interference 144 --
3.9.2 Power Amplifier Nonlinearity 146 --
3.10 Comparison of Modulation Strategies for Wireless Communications 148 --
3.10.1 Linear Channels 148 --
3.10.2 Nonlinear Channels 150 --
3.11 Channel Estimation and Tracking 151 --
3.11.1 Differential Detection 152 --
3.11.2 Pilot Symbol Transmission 154 --
3.12 Receiver Performance: Bit Error Rate 158 --
3.12.1 Channel Noise 158 --
3.13 Theme Example 1: Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing 162 --
3.13.1 Cyclic Prefix 167 --
3.14 Theme Example 2: Cordless Telecommunications 168 --
Chapter 4 Coding and Time-Division Multiple Access 179 --
4.2 Sampling 182 --
4.3 Why Follow Sampling with Coding? 184 --
4.4 Shannon's Information Theory 185 --
4.4.1 Source-Coding Theorem 185 --
4.4.2 Channel-Coding Theorem 186 --
4.4.3 Information Capacity Theorem 187 --
4.4.4 Rate Distortion Theory 188 --
4.5 Speech Coding 189 --
4.5.1 Linear Prediction 189 --
4.5.2 Multipulse Excited LPC 190 --
4.5.3 Code-Excited LPC 192 --
4.6 Error-Control Coding 193 --
4.6.1 Cyclic Redundancy Check Codes 194 --
4.7 Convolutional Codes 195 --
4.7.1 Trellis and State Diagrams of Convolutional Codes 198 --
4.7.2 Free Distance of a Convolutional Code 200 --
4.8 Maximum-Likelihood Decoding of Convolutional Codes 201 --
4.9 The Viterbi Algorithm 203 --
4.9.1 Modifications of the Viterbi Algorithm 205 --
4.10 Interleaving 207 --
4.10.1 Block Interleaving 208 --
4.10.2 Convolutional Interleaving 210 --
4.10.3 Random Interleaving 212 --
4.11 Noise Performance of Convolutional Codes 212 --
4.12 Turbo Codes 215 --
4.12.1 Turbo Encoding 215 --
4.12.2 Turbo Decoding 216 --
4.12.3 Noise Performance 218 --
4.12.4 Maximum a Posteriori Probability Decoding 219 --
4.13 Comparison of Channel-Coding Strategies for Wireless Communications 222 --
4.13.1 Encoding 223 --
4.13.2 Decoding 224 --
4.13.3 AWGN Channel 225 --
4.13.4 Fading Wireless Channels 225 --
4.13.5 Latency 225 --
4.13.6 Joint Equalization and Decoding 226 --
4.14 RF Modulation Revisited 226 --
4.15 Baseband Processing for Channel Estimation and Equalization 227 --
4.15.1 Channel Estimation 229 --
4.15.2 Viterbi Equalization 231 --
4.16 Time-Division Multiple Access 233 --
4.16.1 Advantages of TDMA over FDMA 234 --
4.16.2 TDMA Overlaid on FDMA 235 --
4.17 Theme Example 1: GSM 236 --
4.18 Theme Example 2: Joint Equalization and Decoding 239 --
4.18.1 Computer Experiment 241 --
4.19 Theme Example 3: Random-Access Techniques 243 --
4.19.1 Pure Aloha 243 --
4.19.2 Slotted Aloha 245 --
4.19.3 Carrier-Sense Multiple Access 245 --
4.19.4 Other Considerations with Random-Access Protocols 248 --
Chapter 5 Spread Spectrum and Code-Division Multiple Access 258 --
5.2 Direct-Sequence Modulation 260 --
5.2.1 The Spreading Equation 260 --
5.2.2 Matched-Filter Receiver 262 --
5.2.3 Performance with Interference 263 --
5.3 Spreading Codes 265 --
5.3.1 Walsh-Hadamard Sequences 267 --
5.3.2 Orthogonal Variable Spreading Factors 269 --
5.3.3 Maximal-Length Sequences 270 --
5.3.4 Scramblers 274 --
5.3.5 Gold Codes 274 --
5.3.6 Random Sequences 276 --
5.4 The Advantages of CDMA for Wireless 279 --
5.4.1 Multiple-Access Interference 279 --
5.4.2 Multipath Channels 283 --
5.4.3 RAKE Receiver 284 --
5.4.4 Fading Channels 288 --
5.4.5 Summary of the Benefits of DS-SS 289 --
5.5 Code Synchronization 290 --
5.6 Channel Estimation 292 --
5.7 Power Control: The Near-Far Problem 294 --
5.8 FEC Coding and CDMA 297 --
5.9 Multiuser Detection 299 --
5.10 CDMA in a Cellular Environment 301 --
5.11 Frequency-Hopped Spread Spectrum 306 --
5.11.1 Complex Baseband Representation of FH-SS 307 --
5.11.2 Slow-Frequency Hopping 308 --
5.11.3 Fast-Frequency Hopping 310 --
5.11.4 Processing Gain 310 --
5.12 Theme Example 1: IS-95 311 --
5.12.1 Channel Protocol 311 --
5.12.2 Pilot Channel 313 --
5.12.3 Downlink CDMA Channels 314 --
5.12.4 Power Control 316 --
5.12.5 Cellular Considerations 317 --
5.12.6 Uplink 318 --
5.13 Theme Example 2: GPSS 319 --
5.14 Theme Example 3: Bluetooth 321 --
5.15 Theme Example 4: WCDMA 323 --
5.15.1 Bandwidth and Chip Rate 324 --
5.15.2 Data Rates and Spreading Factor 324 --
5.15.3 Modulation and Synchronization 324 --
5.15.4 Forward Error-Correction Codes 324 --
5.15.5 Channel Types 325 --
5.15.6 Uplink 325 --
5.15.7 Downlink 326 --
5.15.8 Multicode Transmission 327 --
5.15.9 Cellular Considerations 327 --
5.16 Theme Example 5: Wi-Fi 328 --
Chapter 6 Diversity, Capacity, and Space-Division Multiple Access 339 --
6.2 "Space Diversity on Receive" Techniques 341 --
6.2.1 Selection Combining 341 --
6.2.2 Maximal-Ratio Combining 346 --
6.2.3 Equal-Gain Combining 353 --
6.2.4 Square-Law Combining 353 --
6.3 Multiple-Input, Multiple-Output Antenna Systems 357 --
6.3.1 Coantenna Interference 358 --
6.3.2 Basic Baseband Channel Model 360 --
6.4 MIMO Capacity for Channel Known at the Receiver 363 --
6.4.1 Ergodic Capacity 363 --
6.4.2 Two Other Special Cases of the Log-Det Formula: Capacities of Receive and Transmit Diversity Links 366 --
6.4.3 Outage Capacity 367 --
6.4.4 Channel Known at the Transmitter 371 --
6.5 Singular-Value Decomposition of the Channel Matrix 371 --
6.5.1 Eigendecomposition of the Log-det Capacity Formula 374 --
6.6 Space-Time Codes for MIMO Wireless Communications 376 --
6.6.2 Alamouti Code 379 --
6.6.3 Performance Comparison of Diversity-on-Receive and Diversity-on-Transmit Schemes 387 --
6.6.4 Generalized Complex Orthogonal Space-Time Block Codes 389 --
6.6.5 Performance Comparisons of Different Space-Time Block Codes Using a Single Receiver 392 --
6.7 Differential Space-Time Block Codes 395 --
6.7.2 Transmitter and Receiver Structures 401 --
6.7.3 Noise Performance 402 --
6.8 Space-Division Multiple Access and Smart Antennas 404 --
6.8.1 Antenna Arrays 406 --
6.8.2 Multipath with Directional Antennas 412 --
6.9 Theme Example 1: BLAST Architectures 415 --
6.9.1 Diagonal-BLAST Architecture 416 --
6.9.2 Vertical-BLAST Architecture 417 --
6.9.3 Turbo-BLAST Architecture 419 --
6.9.4 Experimental Performance Evaluation of Turbo-BLAST versus V-BLAST 422 --
6.10 Theme Example 2: Diversity, Space-Time Block Codes, and V-BLAST 426 --
6.10.1 Diversity-on-Receive versus Diversity-on-Transmit 426 --
6.10.2 Space-Time Block Codes versus V-BLAST 427 --
6.10.3 Diversity Order and Multiplexing Gain 429 --
6.11 Theme Example 3: Keyhole Channels 432

Summary:
Intended for use in undergraduate courses, this textbook discusses the techniques of wireless communications according to the evolution of spectral utilization of the radio channel. Chapters discuss topics like propagation and noise, modulation and frequency-division multiple access, coding and time.

Electronic & Telecommunication Engineering

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