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Advanced electronic communications systems / Wayne Tomasi.

By: Tomasi, Wayne.
Material type: TextTextPublisher: Upper Saddle River, N.J. New Delhi. Prentice Hall, PHI Learning Private Limited, 2004Edition: 5th ed.Description: xi, 498 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.ISBN: 9788120324978; 0130221260; 9780130221261.Subject(s): Digital communications | Telecommunication systemsDDC classification: 621.382 Online resources: WorldCat details
Contents:
Table of contents Chapter 1 Optical Fiber Communications 1 -- History of Optical Fibers 1 -- Optical Fibers Versus Metallic Cable Facilities 2 -- Advantages of Optical Fiber Systems 3 -- Disadvantages of Optical Fiber Systems 3 -- Electromagnetic Spectrum 4 -- Optical Fiber Communications System Block Diagram 5 -- Fiber Types 5 -- Cable Construction 7 -- Light Propagation 8 -- Physics of Light 8 -- Velocity of Propagation 9 -- Refraction 9 -- Refractive Index 9 -- Critical Angle 12 -- Propagation of Light Through an Optical Fiber 13 -- Mode of Propagation 13 -- Index Profile 14 -- Optical Fiber Configurations 14 -- Single-Mode Step-Index Fiber 14 -- Multimode Step-Index Fiber 16 -- Multimode Graded-Index Fiber 17 -- Comparison of the Three Types of Optical Fibers 17 -- Acceptance Angle and Acceptance Cone 18 -- Numerical Aperture 20 -- Losses in Optical Fiber Cables 22 -- Absorption Losses 23 -- Material or Rayleigh Scattering Losses 24 -- Chromatic or Wavelength Dispersion 24 -- Radiation Losses 25 -- Modal Dispersion 25 -- Coupling Losses 29 -- Light Sources 30 -- Optical Power 31 -- Optical Sources 32 -- Light-Emitting Diodes 32 -- Injection Laser Diodes 34 -- Light Detectors 38 -- PIN Diodes 38 -- Avalanche Photodiodes 39 -- Characteristics of Light Detectors 40 -- Lasers 40 -- Laser Types 40 -- Laser Characteristics 41 -- Laser Construction 41 -- Optical Fiber System Link Budget 42 -- Chapter 2 Digital Communications 47 -- Digital Communications 48 -- Shannon Limit for Information Capacity 48 -- Digital Radio 50 -- Digital Amplitude Modulation 50 -- Frequency Shift Keying 51 -- FSK Bit Rate and Baud 52 -- FSK Transmitter 53 -- Bandwidth Considerations of FSK 54 -- FSK Receiver 56 -- Continuous-Phase Frequency Shift Keying 57 -- Phase Shift Keying 58 -- Binary Phase Shift Keying 58 -- M-ary Encoding 62 -- Quaternary Phase Shift Keying 64 -- Eight-Phase PSK 70 -- Sixteen-Phase PSK 76 -- Quadrature Amplitude Modulation 76 -- Eight QAM 76 -- Sixteen QAM 80 -- Bandwidth Efficiency 84 -- Carrier Recovery 85 -- Squaring Loop 85 -- Costas Loop 86 -- Remodulator 87 -- Differential Phase Shift Keying 87 -- Differential BPSK 87 -- Clock Recovery 89 -- Probability of Error and Bit Error Rate 89 -- PSK Error Performance 92 -- QAM Error Performance 95 -- FSK Error Performance 96 -- Trellis Encoding 97 -- Chapter 3 Data Communications 104 -- History of Data Communications 104 -- Standards Organizations for Data Communications 105 -- Data Communications Circuits 106 -- Serial and Parallel Data Transmission 106 -- Configurations 108 -- Topologies 108 -- Transmission Modes 108 -- Two-Wire Versus Four-Wire Operation 109 -- Data Communications Codes 110 -- Baudot Code 110 -- ASCII Code 111 -- EBCDIC Code 113 -- Bar Codes 113 -- Error Control 115 -- Error Detection 115 -- Error Correction 121 -- Synchronization 123 -- Character Synchronization 123 -- Data Communications Hardware 125 -- Line Control Unit 126 -- Serial Interfaces 132 -- RS-232 Interface 132 -- RS-449 and RS-530 Interface Standards 137 -- CCITT X.21 138 -- Parallel Interfaces 139 -- Centronics Parallel Interface 140 -- IEEE 488 Bus 143 -- Telephone Network 146 -- DDD Network 146 -- Private-Line Service 151 -- Telephone Circuit 152 -- Local Loop 152 -- Transmission Parameters 154 -- Data Modems 168 -- Asynchronous Modems 169 -- Synchronous Modems 170 -- Modem Synchronization 171 -- Low-Speed Modems 171 -- Medium- and High-Speed Modems 172 -- Modem Control--The AT Command Set 175 -- CCITT Modem Recommendations 176 -- CCITT Modem Recommendation V.29 176 -- CCITT Modem Recommendation V.32 178 -- CCITT Modem Recommendation V.32bis and V.32terbo 178 -- CCITT Modem Recommendation V.33 179 -- CCITT Modem Recommendation V.42 and V.42bis 179 -- CCITT Modem Recommendation V.34 (V.fast) 180 -- CCITT Modem Recommendation V.34+ 181 -- Chapter 4 Data Communications Protocols and Network Configurations 185 -- Open Systems Interconnection 186 -- ISO Protocol Hierarchy 186 -- Data Transmission Modes 188 -- Character Mode 188 -- Block Mode 188 -- Asynchronous Protocols 188 -- Synchronous Protocols 190 -- IBM's Bisync Protocol 190 -- Synchronous Data Link Communications 194 -- SDLC Loop Operation 201 -- Transparency 203 -- Message Abort 203 -- Invert-On-Zero Encoding 203 -- High-Level Data Link Control 204 -- Public Data Network 206 -- Value-Added Network 206 -- Packet-Switching Network 206 -- CCITT X.1 International User Class of Service 207 -- CCITT X.25 User-to-Network Interface Protocol 208 -- Permanent Virtual Circuit 209 -- Virtual Call 209 -- Datagram 210 -- X.25 Packet Format 210 -- X Series of Recommended Standards 211 -- Asynchronous Transfer Mode 211 -- Synchronous Optical Network 214 -- Integrated Services Digital Network 216 -- Introduction to ISDN 216 -- ISDN Architecture 218 -- ISDN System Connections and Interface Units 219 -- ISDN Protocols 220 -- Broadband ISDN 223 -- Local Area Networks 225 -- Local Area Network System Considerations 227 -- Token Passing Ring 231 -- Slotted Ring 234 -- Token Bus 234 -- Ethernet 234 -- 10BASE-5 Ethernet 235 -- 10BASE-2 Ethernet 236 -- 10BASE-T Ethernet 236 -- Ethernet Data Format 237 -- System Operation 238 -- Fiber Distributed Data Interface 239 -- FDDI Nodes 240 -- FDDI Network Using Twisted-Pair Metallic Transmission Lines 242 -- Fibre Channel 242 -- 100BASE-T Ethernet 243 -- Chapter 5 Digital Transmission 247 -- Advantages of Digital Transmission 247 -- Disadvantages of Digital Transmission 248 -- Pulse Modulation 248 -- Pulse Code Modulation 248 -- PCM Sampling 249 -- Sampling Rate 253 -- Folded Binary Code 255 -- Dynamic Range 257 -- Coding Efficiency 260 -- Signal-to-Quantization Noise Ratio 260 -- Linear Versus Nonlinear PCM Codes 261 -- Idle Channel Noise 262 -- Coding Methods 262 -- Companding 263 -- Analog Companding 263 -- Digital Companding 266 -- Percentage Error 273 -- Vocoders 273 -- PCM Line Speed 274 -- Delta Modulation PCM 275 -- Delta Modulation Transmitter 275 -- Delta Modulation Receiver 276 -- Adaptive Delta Modulation PCM 277 -- Differential Pulse Code Modulation 278 -- Pulse Transmission 278 -- Intersymbol Interference 280 -- Eye Patterns 282 -- Signal Power in Binary Digital Signals 283 -- Chapter 6 Multiplexing 288 -- Time-Division Multiplexing 288 -- T1 Digital Carrier System 289 -- D-Type Channel Banks 292 -- Superframe Format 293 -- Extended Superframe Format 294 -- CCITT Time-Division Multiplexed Carrier System 297 -- Codecs 297 -- Combo Chips 298 -- General Operation 298 -- Fixed-Data-Rate Mode 299 -- Variable-Data-Rate Mode 306 -- Supervisory Signaling 308 -- North American Digital Hierarchy 308 -- Mastergroup and Commercial Television Terminals 308 -- Picturephone Terminal 310 -- Data Terminal 311 -- Line Encoding 312 -- Transmission Voltages and DC Component 312 -- Duty Cycle 312 -- Bandwidth Considerations 313 -- Clock Recovery 314 -- Error Detection 314 -- Ease of Detection and Decoding 314 -- Digital Biphase, Miller, and Dicodes 314 -- T-Carriers 316 -- T1 and T1C Carrier Systems 317 -- T2 Carrier Systems 318 -- T3 Carrier Systems 319 -- T4M Carrier System 319 -- T5 Carrier System 319 -- Frame Synchronization 319 -- Added-Digit Framing 319 -- Robbed-Digit Framing 320 -- Added-Channel Framing 320 -- Statistical Framing 320 -- Unique-Line Code Framing 321 -- Bit Interleaving Versus Word Interleaving 321 -- Statistical Time-Division Multiplexing 321 -- Frequency-Division Multiplexing 323 -- AT&T's FDM Hierarchy 324 -- Long-Haul Communications with FDMT 324 -- Message Channel 324 -- Basic Group 325 -- Basic Supergroup 325 -- Basic Mastergroup 325 -- Larger Groupings 326 -- Composite Baseband Signal 326 -- Formation of Groups and Supergroups 326 -- Formation of a Mastergroup 328 -- U600 Mastergroup 328 -- L600 Mastergroup 331 -- Formation of a Radio Channel 332 -- Wavelength-Division Multiplexing 334 -- Wavelength-Division Multiplexing Versus Frequency-Division Multiplexing 334 -- D-WDM, Wavelengths, and Wavelength Channels 334 -- Advantages and Disadvantages of WDM 337 -- WDM Circuit Components 337 -- Wavelength-Division Couplers 338 -- WDM and the Synchronous Optical Network 338 -- Chapter 7 Microwave Radio Communications and System Gain 341 -- Advantages of Microwave Radio Communications 342 -- Analog Versus Digital Microwave 343 -- Frequency Versus Amplitude Modulation 343 -- Frequency-Modulated Microwave Radio System 343 -- FM Microwave Radio Transmitter 344 -- FM Microwave Radio Receiver 345 -- FM Microwave Radio Repeaters 345 -- Diversity 348 -- Frequency Diversity 349 -- Space Diversity 349 -- Polarization Diversity 351 -- Hybrid Diversity 351 -- Quad Diversity 351 -- Protection Switching Arrangements 351 -- Hot Standby 351 -- Diversity 353 -- Reliability 353 -- FM Microwave Radio Stations 353 -- Terminal Station 353 -- Repeater Station 356 -- Path Characteristics 361 -- Fading 362 -- System Gain 362 -- Free-Space Path Loss 363 -- Fade Margin 364 -- Receiver Threshold 365 -- Carrier-to-Noise Versus Signal-to-Noise Ratio 366 -- Noise Factor and Noise Figure 366 -- Chapter 8 Satellite Communications 373 -- History of Satellites 374 -- Kepler's Laws 375 -- Satellite Orbits 377 -- Satellite Elevation Categories 377 -- Satellite Orbital Patterns 378 -- Geostationary Satellites 381 -- Geosynchronous Satellite Orbital Velocity 383
Summary: Summary: This update of the 1998 iteration keeps abreast of the latest developments in communications systems: digital, optical fiber, terrestrial and microwave radio, satellite, and mobile telephone. In addition to these systems, the ten-chapter coverage includes data communications protocols and network.
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Includes index.

Table of contents Chapter 1 Optical Fiber Communications 1 --
History of Optical Fibers 1 --
Optical Fibers Versus Metallic Cable Facilities 2 --
Advantages of Optical Fiber Systems 3 --
Disadvantages of Optical Fiber Systems 3 --
Electromagnetic Spectrum 4 --
Optical Fiber Communications System Block Diagram 5 --
Fiber Types 5 --
Cable Construction 7 --
Light Propagation 8 --
Physics of Light 8 --
Velocity of Propagation 9 --
Refraction 9 --
Refractive Index 9 --
Critical Angle 12 --
Propagation of Light Through an Optical Fiber 13 --
Mode of Propagation 13 --
Index Profile 14 --
Optical Fiber Configurations 14 --
Single-Mode Step-Index Fiber 14 --
Multimode Step-Index Fiber 16 --
Multimode Graded-Index Fiber 17 --
Comparison of the Three Types of Optical Fibers 17 --
Acceptance Angle and Acceptance Cone 18 --
Numerical Aperture 20 --
Losses in Optical Fiber Cables 22 --
Absorption Losses 23 --
Material or Rayleigh Scattering Losses 24 --
Chromatic or Wavelength Dispersion 24 --
Radiation Losses 25 --
Modal Dispersion 25 --
Coupling Losses 29 --
Light Sources 30 --
Optical Power 31 --
Optical Sources 32 --
Light-Emitting Diodes 32 --
Injection Laser Diodes 34 --
Light Detectors 38 --
PIN Diodes 38 --
Avalanche Photodiodes 39 --
Characteristics of Light Detectors 40 --
Lasers 40 --
Laser Types 40 --
Laser Characteristics 41 --
Laser Construction 41 --
Optical Fiber System Link Budget 42 --
Chapter 2 Digital Communications 47 --
Digital Communications 48 --
Shannon Limit for Information Capacity 48 --
Digital Radio 50 --
Digital Amplitude Modulation 50 --
Frequency Shift Keying 51 --
FSK Bit Rate and Baud 52 --
FSK Transmitter 53 --
Bandwidth Considerations of FSK 54 --
FSK Receiver 56 --
Continuous-Phase Frequency Shift Keying 57 --
Phase Shift Keying 58 --
Binary Phase Shift Keying 58 --
M-ary Encoding 62 --
Quaternary Phase Shift Keying 64 --
Eight-Phase PSK 70 --
Sixteen-Phase PSK 76 --
Quadrature Amplitude Modulation 76 --
Eight QAM 76 --
Sixteen QAM 80 --
Bandwidth Efficiency 84 --
Carrier Recovery 85 --
Squaring Loop 85 --
Costas Loop 86 --
Remodulator 87 --
Differential Phase Shift Keying 87 --
Differential BPSK 87 --
Clock Recovery 89 --
Probability of Error and Bit Error Rate 89 --
PSK Error Performance 92 --
QAM Error Performance 95 --
FSK Error Performance 96 --
Trellis Encoding 97 --
Chapter 3 Data Communications 104 --
History of Data Communications 104 --
Standards Organizations for Data Communications 105 --
Data Communications Circuits 106 --
Serial and Parallel Data Transmission 106 --
Configurations 108 --
Topologies 108 --
Transmission Modes 108 --
Two-Wire Versus Four-Wire Operation 109 --
Data Communications Codes 110 --
Baudot Code 110 --
ASCII Code 111 --
EBCDIC Code 113 --
Bar Codes 113 --
Error Control 115 --
Error Detection 115 --
Error Correction 121 --
Synchronization 123 --
Character Synchronization 123 --
Data Communications Hardware 125 --
Line Control Unit 126 --
Serial Interfaces 132 --
RS-232 Interface 132 --
RS-449 and RS-530 Interface Standards 137 --
CCITT X.21 138 --
Parallel Interfaces 139 --
Centronics Parallel Interface 140 --
IEEE 488 Bus 143 --
Telephone Network 146 --
DDD Network 146 --
Private-Line Service 151 --
Telephone Circuit 152 --
Local Loop 152 --
Transmission Parameters 154 --
Data Modems 168 --
Asynchronous Modems 169 --
Synchronous Modems 170 --
Modem Synchronization 171 --
Low-Speed Modems 171 --
Medium- and High-Speed Modems 172 --
Modem Control--The AT Command Set 175 --
CCITT Modem Recommendations 176 --
CCITT Modem Recommendation V.29 176 --
CCITT Modem Recommendation V.32 178 --
CCITT Modem Recommendation V.32bis and V.32terbo 178 --
CCITT Modem Recommendation V.33 179 --
CCITT Modem Recommendation V.42 and V.42bis 179 --
CCITT Modem Recommendation V.34 (V.fast) 180 --
CCITT Modem Recommendation V.34+ 181 --
Chapter 4 Data Communications Protocols and Network Configurations 185 --
Open Systems Interconnection 186 --
ISO Protocol Hierarchy 186 --
Data Transmission Modes 188 --
Character Mode 188 --
Block Mode 188 --
Asynchronous Protocols 188 --
Synchronous Protocols 190 --
IBM's Bisync Protocol 190 --
Synchronous Data Link Communications 194 --
SDLC Loop Operation 201 --
Transparency 203 --
Message Abort 203 --
Invert-On-Zero Encoding 203 --
High-Level Data Link Control 204 --
Public Data Network 206 --
Value-Added Network 206 --
Packet-Switching Network 206 --
CCITT X.1 International User Class of Service 207 --
CCITT X.25 User-to-Network Interface Protocol 208 --
Permanent Virtual Circuit 209 --
Virtual Call 209 --
Datagram 210 --
X.25 Packet Format 210 --
X Series of Recommended Standards 211 --
Asynchronous Transfer Mode 211 --
Synchronous Optical Network 214 --
Integrated Services Digital Network 216 --
Introduction to ISDN 216 --
ISDN Architecture 218 --
ISDN System Connections and Interface Units 219 --
ISDN Protocols 220 --
Broadband ISDN 223 --
Local Area Networks 225 --
Local Area Network System Considerations 227 --
Token Passing Ring 231 --
Slotted Ring 234 --
Token Bus 234 --
Ethernet 234 --
10BASE-5 Ethernet 235 --
10BASE-2 Ethernet 236 --
10BASE-T Ethernet 236 --
Ethernet Data Format 237 --
System Operation 238 --
Fiber Distributed Data Interface 239 --
FDDI Nodes 240 --
FDDI Network Using Twisted-Pair Metallic Transmission Lines 242 --
Fibre Channel 242 --
100BASE-T Ethernet 243 --
Chapter 5 Digital Transmission 247 --
Advantages of Digital Transmission 247 --
Disadvantages of Digital Transmission 248 --
Pulse Modulation 248 --
Pulse Code Modulation 248 --
PCM Sampling 249 --
Sampling Rate 253 --
Folded Binary Code 255 --
Dynamic Range 257 --
Coding Efficiency 260 --
Signal-to-Quantization Noise Ratio 260 --
Linear Versus Nonlinear PCM Codes 261 --
Idle Channel Noise 262 --
Coding Methods 262 --
Companding 263 --
Analog Companding 263 --
Digital Companding 266 --
Percentage Error 273 --
Vocoders 273 --
PCM Line Speed 274 --
Delta Modulation PCM 275 --
Delta Modulation Transmitter 275 --
Delta Modulation Receiver 276 --
Adaptive Delta Modulation PCM 277 --
Differential Pulse Code Modulation 278 --
Pulse Transmission 278 --
Intersymbol Interference 280 --
Eye Patterns 282 --
Signal Power in Binary Digital Signals 283 --
Chapter 6 Multiplexing 288 --
Time-Division Multiplexing 288 --
T1 Digital Carrier System 289 --
D-Type Channel Banks 292 --
Superframe Format 293 --
Extended Superframe Format 294 --
CCITT Time-Division Multiplexed Carrier System 297 --
Codecs 297 --
Combo Chips 298 --
General Operation 298 --
Fixed-Data-Rate Mode 299 --
Variable-Data-Rate Mode 306 --
Supervisory Signaling 308 --
North American Digital Hierarchy 308 --
Mastergroup and Commercial Television Terminals 308 --
Picturephone Terminal 310 --
Data Terminal 311 --
Line Encoding 312 --
Transmission Voltages and DC Component 312 --
Duty Cycle 312 --
Bandwidth Considerations 313 --
Clock Recovery 314 --
Error Detection 314 --
Ease of Detection and Decoding 314 --
Digital Biphase, Miller, and Dicodes 314 --
T-Carriers 316 --
T1 and T1C Carrier Systems 317 --
T2 Carrier Systems 318 --
T3 Carrier Systems 319 --
T4M Carrier System 319 --
T5 Carrier System 319 --
Frame Synchronization 319 --
Added-Digit Framing 319 --
Robbed-Digit Framing 320 --
Added-Channel Framing 320 --
Statistical Framing 320 --
Unique-Line Code Framing 321 --
Bit Interleaving Versus Word Interleaving 321 --
Statistical Time-Division Multiplexing 321 --
Frequency-Division Multiplexing 323 --
AT&T's FDM Hierarchy 324 --
Long-Haul Communications with FDMT 324 --
Message Channel 324 --
Basic Group 325 --
Basic Supergroup 325 --
Basic Mastergroup 325 --
Larger Groupings 326 --
Composite Baseband Signal 326 --
Formation of Groups and Supergroups 326 --
Formation of a Mastergroup 328 --
U600 Mastergroup 328 --
L600 Mastergroup 331 --
Formation of a Radio Channel 332 --
Wavelength-Division Multiplexing 334 --
Wavelength-Division Multiplexing Versus Frequency-Division Multiplexing 334 --
D-WDM, Wavelengths, and Wavelength Channels 334 --
Advantages and Disadvantages of WDM 337 --
WDM Circuit Components 337 --
Wavelength-Division Couplers 338 --
WDM and the Synchronous Optical Network 338 --
Chapter 7 Microwave Radio Communications and System Gain 341 --
Advantages of Microwave Radio Communications 342 --
Analog Versus Digital Microwave 343 --
Frequency Versus Amplitude Modulation 343 --
Frequency-Modulated Microwave Radio System 343 --
FM Microwave Radio Transmitter 344 --
FM Microwave Radio Receiver 345 --
FM Microwave Radio Repeaters 345 --
Diversity 348 --
Frequency Diversity 349 --
Space Diversity 349 --
Polarization Diversity 351 --
Hybrid Diversity 351 --
Quad Diversity 351 --
Protection Switching Arrangements 351 --
Hot Standby 351 --
Diversity 353 --
Reliability 353 --
FM Microwave Radio Stations 353 --
Terminal Station 353 --
Repeater Station 356 --
Path Characteristics 361 --
Fading 362 --
System Gain 362 --
Free-Space Path Loss 363 --
Fade Margin 364 --
Receiver Threshold 365 --
Carrier-to-Noise Versus Signal-to-Noise Ratio 366 --
Noise Factor and Noise Figure 366 --
Chapter 8 Satellite Communications 373 --
History of Satellites 374 --
Kepler's Laws 375 --
Satellite Orbits 377 --
Satellite Elevation Categories 377 --
Satellite Orbital Patterns 378 --
Geostationary Satellites 381 --
Geosynchronous Satellite Orbital Velocity 383

Summary:
This update of the 1998 iteration keeps abreast of the latest developments in communications systems: digital, optical fiber, terrestrial and microwave radio, satellite, and mobile telephone. In addition to these systems, the ten-chapter coverage includes data communications protocols and network.

Electrical & Electronic Engineering

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