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Methods for development work and research : a new guide for practitioners / Britha Mikkelsen.

By: Mikkelsen, Britha.
Material type: TextTextPublisher: New Delhi ; Thousand Oaks, Calif. : SAGE Publications, 2005Edition: 2nd ed.Description: 373 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.ISBN: 0761933271 (hard back); 076193328X (paper back).Subject(s): Economic development -- Research -- MethodologyDDC classification: 330.072 Online resources: Table of contents only | Publisher description | WorldCat Details
Contents:
Table of contents List of Boxes -- List of Figures -- List of Abbreviations -- Preface to the Second Edition -- Preface to the First Edition -- Acknowledgements -- 1. Context and Focus of the Guide -- 1.1. Issues and Approaches in Current Development Cooperation -- 1.1.1. Introduction -- 1.1.2. Development Cooperation in a Globalising World -- Continuity and Change -- 1.1.3. Practice, Process and Knowledge in Development Studies -- 1.2. Dialogue, Problem Identification and Planning Cycle -- 1.2.1. Problem Identification in Dialogue -- 1.2.2. The Planning Cycle and Objectives-oriented Planning -- 1.2.3. Problem Analysis in the Logical Framework Approach -- 1.3. Target Groups, Readership and Terminology -- 1.3.1. Target Groups -- 1.3.2. Related Publications -- 1.3.3. Terminology -- 1.3.4. Outline of the Book -- 2. Participation in Development -- The Concept and Critical Perspectives -- 2.1. Perceptions of Participation -- 2.1.1. Participation -- A Contested Concept -- 2.1.2. Participation in Development -- the New Mainstream 'Paradigm'? -- 2.1.3. Perspectives over Time of Participation in Development Cooperation -- 2.1.4. Different Strategies and Interests in Participation -- 2.2. Participatory Methods, Techniques and Tools -- 2.2.1. Multiple Terminology and Sources -- 2.2.2. 'Catalogue' of Participatory PRA Methods -- 2.2.3. Classification and Typologies of Participatory Methods -- 2.3. Strategic Considerations for Using Participatory Methods -- 2.3.1. Overall Principles -- 2.3.2. Gender Sensitivity in Application of Participatory Methods -- 2.3.3. Stakeholder Participation and Practitioner Capabilities -- 2.4. Critical Perspectives on Participation -- 2.4.1. Positions in the Critiques of Participation in Development -- 2.4.2. Methodological Concerns and 'Tyranny of Tools' -- 2.4.3. A Changing Participation Agenda? -- 3. Participatory Methods in Use -- 3.1. Illustrations of Selected Participatory Methods -- 3.1.1. Elaboration of the 'Catalogue' of PRA Methods -- 3.1.2. Ranking and Scoring Techniques -- 3.1.3. Wealth Ranking and Social Mapping -- 3.2. Spreading Uses of Participatory Methods -- 3.2.1. Policy Planning -- Deliberative Democracy and Inclusionary Processes -- 3.2.2. Decentralisation Reforms -- Negotiated Partnerships -- 3.2.3. Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers, PRSP, and Processes -- 3.3. Topical Applications of Participatory Methods -- 3.3.1. Participatory Budgeting and Budget Analysis -- 3.3.2. Participatory Forest Management and Economic Analysis -- 3.3.3. Technology Assessment -- 3.3.4. Advocacy -- 4. Different Types of Development Studies -- Purpose, Methods and Design -- 4.1. Types and Forms of Development Studies -- 4.1.1. Characteristics of Different Types of Studies -- 4.1.2. Different Objectives, Normative Aspects and Hidden Assumptions -- 4.1.3. Forms of Studies and Typical Research Questions -- 4.2. Research Purpose, Goals and Focus -- 4.2.1. Research Purpose and Application -- 4.2.2. Research Goals and Focus -- 4.2.3. Is There a Development Research-Development Work Continuum? -- 4.3. Research Methods and Possible Combinations -- 4.3.1. Research Methods -- 4.3.2. Quantitative and Qualitative Style Research -- 4.3.3. Interdisciplinary Perspectives -- 4.4. Research Process and Research Plan -- 4.4.1. Basic Elements in the Research Process -- 4.4.2. Methodological and Logic Considerations in the Research Process -- 4.4.3. Designing a Research Plan -- 5. Data Generation and Analysis of Qualitative Data -- 5.1. Theory Based Data Generation and Analysis -- 5.1.1. Theoretical frameworks -- 5.1.2. Data selection, construction and analysis -- 5.1.3. Using Indicators -- 5.2. Analysis of Qualitative Data -- 5.2.1. Data and Data Analysis -- 5.2.2. Interviews -- a Key Source of Data -- 5.2.3. Analysis and Interpretation of Interview-based Data -- 5.2.4. Other Sources of Qualitative Data -- Text Analysis and IT Tools -- 5.3. Standards of Quality for Qualitative Research -- 5.3.1. Sampling, Biases, Reliability and Validation -- 5.3.2. Criteria for Good Practice -- 6. Selected Development Issues and Approaches -- 6.1. A Rights Based Approach to Development -- 6.1.1. The Principles and Concepts of Human Rights -- 6.1.2. Towards Operationalisation of a Human Rights Approach -- 6.1.3. Challenges of Implementing a Rights-based Approach -- 6.1.4. Human Rights, Freedom and Poverty Reduction -- 6.2. Poverty Reduction -- Evolving Agenda and Poverty Analysis -- 6.2.1. Evolving Approaches -- Rights Based, Millennium Goals and PRSPs -- 6.2.2. Poverty Measures and Analysis -- 6.2.3. Indicators of Poverty and Prosperity -- Monitoring and Evaluation -- 6.3. Women in Development and Gender Perspectives -- 6.3.1. From WID to Gender -- Mainstreaming Gender Equality -- 6.3.2. Gender Analysis and Approaches to Gender Mainstreaming -- 6.3.3. Gender Sensitive Indicators, Poverty and Power -- 6.3.4. Contesting Perspectives -- Mainstreaming and Women's Empowerment -- 6.4. Innovative Approaches -- Appreciative Inquiry; Social Capital Assessment; Geomatics -- 6.4.1. Appreciative Inquiry -- 6.4.2. Social Capital Assessment Tool (SOCAT) -- 6.4.3. Geomatics -- Space Related Information -- Tools for Empowerment? -- 7. Monitoring and Evaluation -- 7.1. Monitoring and Evaluation -- for Accountability and Learning -- 7.1.1. Definitions of Monitoring and Evaluation -- 7.1.2. Learning from Change -- 7.2. Aid Evaluation, Basic Evaluation Designs and Primary Uses of Evaluation Findings -- 7.2.1. Types of aid evaluation -- 7.2.2. Basic Evaluation Designs and Baseline Data -- 7.2.3. Primary uses and users of evaluation findings -- 7.2.4. Evaluator Roles -- Professional Evaluators -- 7.2.5. Case 1: Thematic Evaluation of Participation and Empowerment -- 7.2.6. Case 2: Participatory Evaluation of Business Sector Support Programme, Tanzania -- 7.3. Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation -- 7.3.1. Why participatory monitoring and evaluation? -- 7.3.2. Stakeholder Analysis and Beneficiary Assessment -- 7.3.3. Monitoring and Evaluation Methods and Tools -- 7.3.4. Setting up participatory monitoring systems and evaluation frameworks -- 7.3.5. Monitoring and Evaluation Indicators -- 7.3.6. Case 3: Ranking by Farmers of Forages -- 7.3.7 Case 4: 'Keep it simple' -- The Most Significant Change, MSC, Approach -- 7.3.8. Case 5: M&E of Agricultural Knowledge and Information -- 7.3.9. Case 6: Indicators for Institutional Capacity Building -- 7.4. Impact Monitoring and Evaluation -- 7.4.1. Impact M&E -- rationality, causality and attribution -- 7.4.2. Monitoring and Evaluation of Poverty and Well-being Changes -- 7.4.3. Case 7: Evaluation of Poverty Reduction In Danish Development Assistance -- 7.4.4. Case 8: Gender and Poverty Impact Monitoring for the ASPS, Uganda -- 7.4.5. Case 9: Impact Evaluation in an Empowerment Framework -- 7.5. Learning from M&E and Impact Studies -- 8. Conclusion on Ethics and Interventions -- 8.1. Images of 'the Others' -- 8.1.1. Culture Encounters -- 8.1.2. Central and Peripheral Norms -- 8.1.3. Concepts of Space and Time -- 8.1.4. Women Field Researchers and Field Assistants -- 8.2. Interventions, Interference and Agents of Change -- 8.2.1. Ethics and Development Interventions -- 8.2.2. Ethics of Specific Disciplines -- 8.2.3. Regulations and Codes of Conduct -- 8.3. Dilemmas of Topics and Methods, and Reminders on Conduct -- 8.3.1. Unintended Consequences of Codes of Conduct -- 8.3.2. Ethics and Methods -- The Power of Interviewing -- 8.3.3. Ethical Issues of Field Studies -- 8.3.4. Reciprocity -- Glossary -- Bibliography -- Index -- About the Author.
Summary: Summary: "This completely revised version of the successful 1995 text covers a wide range of issues relating to research concepts and methods. It incorporates new lessons that have been learned regarding the merits and pitfalls of development work." "This text offers invaluable practical guidance and critical reflection on methods for development work and research in a non-orthodox spirit. With its multi- and cross-disciplinary perspective on development studies and their application, this new edition will be an essential resource for development planners and practitioners, and for researchers and students of development studies."--Jacket.
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Item type Current location Collection Call number Copy number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Text Text EWU Library
Reserve Section
Non-fiction 330.072 MIM 2005 (Browse shelf) C-1 Not For Loan 25810
Text Text EWU Library
Circulation Section
Non-fiction 330.072 MIM 2005 (Browse shelf) C-2 Available 25811
Total holds: 0

Includes bibliographical references (p. [350]-365) and index.

Table of contents List of Boxes --
List of Figures --
List of Abbreviations --
Preface to the Second Edition --
Preface to the First Edition --
Acknowledgements --
1. Context and Focus of the Guide --
1.1. Issues and Approaches in Current Development Cooperation --
1.1.1. Introduction --
1.1.2. Development Cooperation in a Globalising World --
Continuity and Change --
1.1.3. Practice, Process and Knowledge in Development Studies --
1.2. Dialogue, Problem Identification and Planning Cycle --
1.2.1. Problem Identification in Dialogue --
1.2.2. The Planning Cycle and Objectives-oriented Planning --
1.2.3. Problem Analysis in the Logical Framework Approach --
1.3. Target Groups, Readership and Terminology --
1.3.1. Target Groups --
1.3.2. Related Publications --
1.3.3. Terminology --
1.3.4. Outline of the Book --
2. Participation in Development --
The Concept and Critical Perspectives --
2.1. Perceptions of Participation --
2.1.1. Participation --
A Contested Concept --
2.1.2. Participation in Development --
the New Mainstream 'Paradigm'? --
2.1.3. Perspectives over Time of Participation in Development Cooperation --
2.1.4. Different Strategies and Interests in Participation --
2.2. Participatory Methods, Techniques and Tools --
2.2.1. Multiple Terminology and Sources --
2.2.2. 'Catalogue' of Participatory PRA Methods --
2.2.3. Classification and Typologies of Participatory Methods --
2.3. Strategic Considerations for Using Participatory Methods --
2.3.1. Overall Principles --
2.3.2. Gender Sensitivity in Application of Participatory Methods --
2.3.3. Stakeholder Participation and Practitioner Capabilities --
2.4. Critical Perspectives on Participation --
2.4.1. Positions in the Critiques of Participation in Development --
2.4.2. Methodological Concerns and 'Tyranny of Tools' --
2.4.3. A Changing Participation Agenda? --
3. Participatory Methods in Use --
3.1. Illustrations of Selected Participatory Methods --
3.1.1. Elaboration of the 'Catalogue' of PRA Methods --
3.1.2. Ranking and Scoring Techniques --
3.1.3. Wealth Ranking and Social Mapping --
3.2. Spreading Uses of Participatory Methods --
3.2.1. Policy Planning --
Deliberative Democracy and Inclusionary Processes --
3.2.2. Decentralisation Reforms --
Negotiated Partnerships --
3.2.3. Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers, PRSP, and Processes --
3.3. Topical Applications of Participatory Methods --
3.3.1. Participatory Budgeting and Budget Analysis --
3.3.2. Participatory Forest Management and Economic Analysis --
3.3.3. Technology Assessment --
3.3.4. Advocacy --
4. Different Types of Development Studies --
Purpose, Methods and Design --
4.1. Types and Forms of Development Studies --
4.1.1. Characteristics of Different Types of Studies --
4.1.2. Different Objectives, Normative Aspects and Hidden Assumptions --
4.1.3. Forms of Studies and Typical Research Questions --
4.2. Research Purpose, Goals and Focus --
4.2.1. Research Purpose and Application --
4.2.2. Research Goals and Focus --
4.2.3. Is There a Development Research-Development Work Continuum? --
4.3. Research Methods and Possible Combinations --
4.3.1. Research Methods --
4.3.2. Quantitative and Qualitative Style Research --
4.3.3. Interdisciplinary Perspectives --
4.4. Research Process and Research Plan --
4.4.1. Basic Elements in the Research Process --
4.4.2. Methodological and Logic Considerations in the Research Process --
4.4.3. Designing a Research Plan --
5. Data Generation and Analysis of Qualitative Data --
5.1. Theory Based Data Generation and Analysis --
5.1.1. Theoretical frameworks --
5.1.2. Data selection, construction and analysis --
5.1.3. Using Indicators --
5.2. Analysis of Qualitative Data --
5.2.1. Data and Data Analysis --
5.2.2. Interviews --
a Key Source of Data --
5.2.3. Analysis and Interpretation of Interview-based Data --
5.2.4. Other Sources of Qualitative Data --
Text Analysis and IT Tools --
5.3. Standards of Quality for Qualitative Research --
5.3.1. Sampling, Biases, Reliability and Validation --
5.3.2. Criteria for Good Practice --
6. Selected Development Issues and Approaches --
6.1. A Rights Based Approach to Development --
6.1.1. The Principles and Concepts of Human Rights --
6.1.2. Towards Operationalisation of a Human Rights Approach --
6.1.3. Challenges of Implementing a Rights-based Approach --
6.1.4. Human Rights, Freedom and Poverty Reduction --
6.2. Poverty Reduction --
Evolving Agenda and Poverty Analysis --
6.2.1. Evolving Approaches --
Rights Based, Millennium Goals and PRSPs --
6.2.2. Poverty Measures and Analysis --
6.2.3. Indicators of Poverty and Prosperity --
Monitoring and Evaluation --
6.3. Women in Development and Gender Perspectives --
6.3.1. From WID to Gender --
Mainstreaming Gender Equality --
6.3.2. Gender Analysis and Approaches to Gender Mainstreaming --
6.3.3. Gender Sensitive Indicators, Poverty and Power --
6.3.4. Contesting Perspectives --
Mainstreaming and Women's Empowerment --
6.4. Innovative Approaches --
Appreciative Inquiry; Social Capital Assessment; Geomatics --
6.4.1. Appreciative Inquiry --
6.4.2. Social Capital Assessment Tool (SOCAT) --
6.4.3. Geomatics --
Space Related Information --
Tools for Empowerment? --
7. Monitoring and Evaluation --
7.1. Monitoring and Evaluation --
for Accountability and Learning --
7.1.1. Definitions of Monitoring and Evaluation --
7.1.2. Learning from Change --
7.2. Aid Evaluation, Basic Evaluation Designs and Primary Uses of Evaluation Findings --
7.2.1. Types of aid evaluation --
7.2.2. Basic Evaluation Designs and Baseline Data --
7.2.3. Primary uses and users of evaluation findings --
7.2.4. Evaluator Roles --
Professional Evaluators --
7.2.5. Case 1: Thematic Evaluation of Participation and Empowerment --
7.2.6. Case 2: Participatory Evaluation of Business Sector Support Programme, Tanzania --
7.3. Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation --
7.3.1. Why participatory monitoring and evaluation? --
7.3.2. Stakeholder Analysis and Beneficiary Assessment --
7.3.3. Monitoring and Evaluation Methods and Tools --
7.3.4. Setting up participatory monitoring systems and evaluation frameworks --
7.3.5. Monitoring and Evaluation Indicators --
7.3.6. Case 3: Ranking by Farmers of Forages --
7.3.7 Case 4: 'Keep it simple' --
The Most Significant Change, MSC, Approach --
7.3.8. Case 5: M&E of Agricultural Knowledge and Information --
7.3.9. Case 6: Indicators for Institutional Capacity Building --
7.4. Impact Monitoring and Evaluation --
7.4.1. Impact M&E --
rationality, causality and attribution --
7.4.2. Monitoring and Evaluation of Poverty and Well-being Changes --
7.4.3. Case 7: Evaluation of Poverty Reduction In Danish Development Assistance --
7.4.4. Case 8: Gender and Poverty Impact Monitoring for the ASPS, Uganda --
7.4.5. Case 9: Impact Evaluation in an Empowerment Framework --
7.5. Learning from M&E and Impact Studies --
8. Conclusion on Ethics and Interventions --
8.1. Images of 'the Others' --
8.1.1. Culture Encounters --
8.1.2. Central and Peripheral Norms --
8.1.3. Concepts of Space and Time --
8.1.4. Women Field Researchers and Field Assistants --
8.2. Interventions, Interference and Agents of Change --
8.2.1. Ethics and Development Interventions --
8.2.2. Ethics of Specific Disciplines --
8.2.3. Regulations and Codes of Conduct --
8.3. Dilemmas of Topics and Methods, and Reminders on Conduct --
8.3.1. Unintended Consequences of Codes of Conduct --
8.3.2. Ethics and Methods --
The Power of Interviewing --
8.3.3. Ethical Issues of Field Studies --
8.3.4. Reciprocity --
Glossary --
Bibliography --
Index --
About the Author.

Summary:
"This completely revised version of the successful 1995 text covers a wide range of issues relating to research concepts and methods. It incorporates new lessons that have been learned regarding the merits and pitfalls of development work." "This text offers invaluable practical guidance and critical reflection on methods for development work and research in a non-orthodox spirit. With its multi- and cross-disciplinary perspective on development studies and their application, this new edition will be an essential resource for development planners and practitioners, and for researchers and students of development studies."--Jacket.

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